Source - Base source class

Built-in functionality

The Source base class provides built in functionality that may be overridden by individual plugins.

  • Directory

    The directory variable can be set for all sources of a type in project.conf or per source within a element.

    This sets the location within the build root that the content of the source will be loaded in to. If the location does not exist, it will be created.

Abstract Methods

For loading and configuration purposes, Sources must implement the Plugin base class abstract methods.

Attention

In order to ensure that all configuration data is processed at load time, it is important that all URLs have been processed during Plugin.configure().

Source implementations must either call Source.translate_url() or Source.mark_download_url() for every URL that has been specified in the configuration during Plugin.configure()

Sources expose the following abstract methods. Unless explicitly mentioned, these methods are mandatory to implement.

Working with the source ref

The SourceRef is used to determine the exact version of data to be addressed by the source.

The various responsibilities involving the source reference are described here.

Loading and saving

The source reference is expected to be loaded at Plugin.configure() and and Source.load_ref() time from the provided MappingNode.

The SourceRef should be loaded from a single key in that node, the recommended name for that key is ref, but is ultimately up to the implementor to decide.

When Source.set_ref() is called, the source reference should be assigned to the same single key in the provided MappingNode, this will be used to serialize changed source references to YAML as a result of tracking.

Tracking new references

When the user tracks for new versions of the source, then the new SourceRef should be returned from the Source.track() implementation.

Managing internal state

Internally the source implementation is expected to keep track of its SourceRef. The internal state should be updated when Plugin.configure(), Source.load_ref() or Source.set_ref() is called.

The internal state should not be updated when Source.track() is called.

The internal source ref must be returned on demand whenever Source.get_ref() is called.

Generating the unique key

When Plugin.get_unique_key() is called, the source’s SourceRef must be considered as a part of that key.

The unique key will be used to generate the cache key of cache keys of elements using this source, and so the unique key should be comprised of every configuration which may effect how the source is staged, as well as any configuration which uniquely identifies the source, which of course includes the SourceRef.

Accessing previous sources

In the general case, all sources are fetched and tracked independently of one another. In situations where a source needs to access previous source(s) in order to perform its own track and/or fetch, following attributes can be set to request access to previous sources:

The intended use of such plugins is to fetch external dependencies of other sources, typically using some kind of package manager, such that all the dependencies of the original source(s) are available at build time.

When implementing such a plugin, implementors should adhere to the following guidelines:

  • Implementations must be able to store the obtained artifacts in a subdirectory.

  • Implementations must be able to deterministically generate a unique ref, such that two refs are different if and only if they produce different outputs.

  • Implementations must not introduce host contamination.

SourceFetcher - Object for fetching individual URLs

Abstract Methods

SourceFetchers expose the following abstract methods. Unless explicitly mentioned, these methods are mandatory to implement.

  • SourceFetcher.fetch()

    Fetches the URL associated with this SourceFetcher, optionally taking an alias override.

Class Reference

exception SourceError(message: str, *, detail: Optional[str] = None, reason: Optional[str] = None, temporary: bool = False)

Bases: BstError

This exception should be raised by Source implementations to report errors to the user.

Parameters
  • message – The breif error description to report to the user

  • detail – A possibly multiline, more detailed error message

  • reason – An optional machine readable reason string, used for test cases

  • temporary – An indicator to whether the error may occur if the operation was run again.

class SourceFetcher

Bases: object

This interface exists so that a source that downloads from multiple places (e.g. a git source with submodules) has a consistent interface for fetching and substituting aliases.

Attention

When implementing a SourceFetcher, remember to call Source.mark_download_url() for every URL found in the configuration data at Plugin.configure() time.

fetch(alias_override: Optional[str] = None, **kwargs) None

Fetch remote sources and mirror them locally, ensuring at least that the specific reference is cached locally.

Parameters

alias_override – The alias to use instead of the default one defined by the aliases field in the project’s config.

Raises

.SourceError

Implementors should raise SourceError if the there is some network error or if the source reference could not be matched.

mark_download_url(url: str) None

Identifies the URL that this SourceFetcher uses to download

This must be called during the fetcher’s initialization

Parameters

url – The url used to download.

class Source

Bases: Plugin

Base Source class.

All Sources derive from this class, this interface defines how the core will be interacting with Sources.

BST_REQUIRES_PREVIOUS_SOURCES_TRACK = False

Whether access to previous sources is required during track

When set to True:
  • all sources listed before this source in the given element will be fetched before this source is tracked

  • Source.track() will be called with an additional keyword argument previous_sources_dir where previous sources will be staged

  • this source can not be the first source for an element

BST_REQUIRES_PREVIOUS_SOURCES_FETCH = False

Whether access to previous sources is required during fetch

When set to True:
  • all sources listed before this source in the given element will be fetched before this source is fetched

  • Source.fetch() will be called with an additional keyword argument previous_sources_dir where previous sources will be staged

  • this source can not be the first source for an element

BST_REQUIRES_PREVIOUS_SOURCES_STAGE = False

Whether access to previous sources is required during cache

When set to True:
  • All sources listed before current source in the given element will be staged with the source when it’s cached.

  • This source can not be the first source for an element.

BST_STAGE_VIRTUAL_DIRECTORY = False

Whether we can stage this source directly to a virtual directory

When set to True, Source.stage_directory() and Source.init_workspace_directory() will be called in place of Source.stage() and Source.init_workspace() respectively.

COMMON_CONFIG_KEYS = ['kind', 'directory']

Common source config keys

Source config keys that must not be accessed in configure(), and should be checked for using node.validate_keys().

load_ref(node: MappingNode) None

Loads the SourceRef for this Source from the specified node.

Parameters

node – The YAML node to load the ref from

Working with the source ref is discussed here.

Note

The SourceRef for the Source is expected to be read at Plugin.configure() time, this will only be used for loading refs from alternative locations than in the element.bst file where the given Source object has been declared.

get_ref() Union[None, int, str, List[Any], Dict[str, Any]]

Fetch the SourceRef

Returns

The internal SourceRef, or None

Working with the source ref is discussed here.

set_ref(ref: Union[None, int, str, List[Any], Dict[str, Any]], node: MappingNode) None

Applies the internal ref, however it is represented

Parameters

The implementor must update the node parameter to reflect the new ref, and it should store the passed ref so that it will be returned in any later calls to Source.get_ref().

The passed ref parameter is guaranteed to either be a value which has been previously retrieved by the Source.get_ref() method on the same plugin, or None.

Example:

# Implementation of Source.set_ref()
#
def set_ref(self, ref, node):

    # Update internal state of the ref
    self.ref = ref

    # Update the passed node so that we will read the new ref
    # next time this source plugin is configured with this node.
    #
    node["ref"] = self.ref

Working with the source ref is discussed here.

track(*, previous_sources_dir: Optional[str] = None) Union[None, int, str, List[Any], Dict[str, Any]]

Resolve a new ref from the plugin’s track option

Parameters

previous_sources_dir (str) – directory where previous sources are staged. Note that this keyword argument is available only when BST_REQUIRES_PREVIOUS_SOURCES_TRACK is set to True.

Returns

A new SourceRef, or None

If the backend in question supports resolving references from a symbolic tracking branch or tag, then this should be implemented to perform this task on behalf of bst source track commands.

This usually requires fetching new content from a remote origin to see if a new ref has appeared for your branch or tag. If the backend store allows one to query for a new ref from a symbolic tracking data without downloading then that is desirable.

Working with the source ref is discussed here.

fetch(*, previous_sources_dir: Optional[str] = None) None

Fetch remote sources and mirror them locally, ensuring at least that the specific reference is cached locally.

Parameters

previous_sources_dir (str) – directory where previous sources are staged. Note that this keyword argument is available only when BST_REQUIRES_PREVIOUS_SOURCES_FETCH is set to True.

Raises

.SourceError

Implementors should raise SourceError if the there is some network error or if the source reference could not be matched.

stage(directory: str) None

Stage the sources to a directory

Parameters

directory – Path to stage the source

Raises

.SourceError

Implementors should assume that directory already exists and stage already cached sources to the passed directory.

Implementors should raise SourceError when encountering some system error.

stage_directory(directory: Directory) None

Stage the sources to a directory

Parameters

directoryDirectory object to stage the source into

Raises

.SourceError

Implementors should assume that directory represents an existing directory root into which the source content can be populated.

Implementors should raise SourceError when encountering some system error.

Note

This will be called instead of Source.stage() in the case that BST_STAGE_VIRTUAL_DIRECTORY is set for this plugin.

init_workspace(directory: str) None

Stage sources for use as a workspace.

Parameters

directory – Path of the workspace to initialize.

Raises

.SourceError

Default implementation is to call Source.stage().

Implementors overriding this method should assume that directory already exists.

Implementors should raise SourceError when encountering some system error.

init_workspace_directory(directory: Directory) None

Stage sources for use as a workspace.

Parameters

directoryDirectory object of the workspace to initialize.

Raises

.SourceError

Default implementation is to call Source.stage_directory().

Implementors overriding this method should assume that directory already exists.

Implementors should raise SourceError when encountering some system error.

Note

This will be called instead of Source.init_workspace() in the case that BST_STAGE_VIRTUAL_DIRECTORY is set for this plugin.

get_source_fetchers() Iterable[SourceFetcher]

Get the objects that are used for fetching

If this source doesn’t download from multiple URLs, returning None and falling back on the default behaviour is recommended.

Returns

The Source’s SourceFetchers, if any.

Note

Implementors can implement this as a generator.

The SourceFetcher.fetch() method will be called on the returned fetchers one by one, before consuming the next fetcher in the list.

validate_cache() None

Implement any validations once we know the sources are cached

This is guaranteed to be called only once for a given session once the sources are known to be cached, before Source.stage() or Source.init_workspace() is called.

is_cached() bool

Get whether the source has a local copy of its data.

This method is guaranteed to only be called whenever Source.is_resolved() returns True.

Returns: whether the source is cached locally or not.

get_mirror_directory() str

Fetches the directory where this source should store things

Returns

The directory belonging to this source

translate_url(url: str, *, alias_override: Optional[str] = None, primary: bool = True) str

Translates the given url which may be specified with an alias into a fully qualified url.

Parameters
  • url – A URL, which may be using an alias

  • alias_override – Optionally, an URI to override the alias with.

  • primary – Whether this is the primary URL for the source.

Returns

The fully qualified URL, with aliases resolved

Note

This must be called for every URL in the configuration during Plugin.configure() if Source.mark_download_url() is not called.

mark_download_url(url: str, *, primary: bool = True) None

Identifies the URL that this Source uses to download

Parameters
  • url (str) – The URL used to download

  • primary (bool) – Whether this is the primary URL for the source

Note

This must be called for every URL in the configuration during Plugin.configure() if Source.translate_url() is not called.

get_project_directory() str

Fetch the project base directory

This is useful for sources which need to load resources stored somewhere inside the project.

Returns

The project base directory

tempdir() Iterator[str]

Context manager for working in a temporary directory

Yields

A path to a temporary directory

This should be used by source plugins directly instead of the tempfile module. This one will automatically cleanup in case of termination by catching the signal before os._exit(). It will also use the ‘mirror directory’ as expected for a source.

is_resolved() bool

Get whether the source is resolved.

This has a default implementation that checks whether the source has a ref or not. If it has a ref, it is assumed to be resolved.

Sources that never have a ref or have uncommon requirements can override this method to specify when they should be considered resolved

Returns: whether the source is fully resolved or not